Mill’s harm principle of ““One should not interfere with other people’s lives unless those people are doing harm to others” (p.G3), is in other words, if a person do not cause harm to others, there is no reason to prevent hisher actions. Mill’s belives that an individual is the supreme sovereign of hisher own acts. Even when the decisions taken may be some harm upon himher, the responsibility of these actions is only on the individual.
When it comes to drug legalization, many people think that drugs should be legalized. It would stop drug traffic, its use would be safer, and would be a better drug control under the state and government. Obviously, the harm principle is linked to this opinion due to, “If a person does no one else harm by a moderate drug intake, then he or she should be allowed to continue using drugs” (Rosenstand, 256).
Gun control is another polemic topic. If an individual buy a gun to protect himherself, apparently do not cause harm to others. But, what about when an individual buy 30 different guns and kill 50 people leaving other 500 wounded This is the case in the recent shoorting in Las Vegas, Nevada. How is possible for a man to buy 30 guns without any authority interference These shooting are constantly happened in the United States, a country in which a gun control exists, what would happened if there wasnot a gun control Of course, Mill’s harm principle fail in its application in this case. Peraphs Mills applied his harm principle only to “adults and in control of his mental faculties” (Rosenstand, 255).
Many people think that to wear a helmet should a personal desition and should be not mandatory. After all, if harm is cause for not wearing a helmet, it will be a personal harm and no a general harm for society, “People have the right to chose their own poison” (Rosenstand, 255).
Certainly, to consume a drug, buy a gun, or wear a helmet are personal decisitions. But pleople should take into account that legalized or not, there are still drug consumers; under control or not, people is still buying guns to harm others; and mandatory or not, people are still driving a bicycle or a motorcycle without wearing a helmet. Then, at the end of the day, as Mill stated, “Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign” (Rosenstand, 255). In other words, regardless to the government law, people is stil doing what they think is better for them.
Rosenstand, Nina. Moral of the story an introduction to ethics. 7th ed., New York, NY, Mcgraw-Hill Education, 2016. Print.
Analyze the influence of ethical philosophy on religion, politics and science.
Certainly, ethical philosophy has agreat influence on religion, politics, and science, due to one do not exists without the other. Each of these genres has a set of rules for the society to follow, which is call the moral code. Then, what right or wrong, good or bad, virtuous or vicious, comes from a religious point of view; politics teach people about power, freedom, and justice, rights, and laws; and Science imparts the world-view of its universal principle drown from scientific discoveries. Most of the theories of motion, space, and time, started in a general form of philosophy. As a consequence, the moral code of each of these genres is constantly “expressed in oral stories and songs, and sometimes it is expressed in writing” (Rosenstand, 14). For example, a parable is defined as, “An allegorical story for adults” (Rosenstand, 61), which main purpose is to teach a moral and religious lesson. There are many parables in the Bible, taught by Jesus of Nazareth that reveal a spiritual truth in a comparative way. One of these famous parable is the one of the prodigal son, in Luke 1511-32. The Lord uses the illustration of a relationship between a father and his children, the elder, who is obedient, and the younger, who leaves the house. This story reveals the great love that God has for us and how He wants those who have departed to return to Him. Also, science fiction, it’s a genre that uses fantasy and fictional science along with futuristic elements to explore political and social issues. In the twentieth century, science fiction have been going “From pulp magazines and comic books to serious films of high quality” (Rosenstand, 79). These pure fantasies of magical universes stories teach a “Powerful moral caveats, or warning” (Rosenstand, 80), on how the world would be in the future or what would happen if a huge natural disaster occurs. Great examples of this genre are The Day after Tomorrow by Roland Emmerich, The Hunger Games written by Suzanne Collins, The Star Wars by George Lucas, etc. Then, the close relationship that exists between ethical philosophy, religion, politics and science has existed since the beginning of society, due to Without a moral code you simply can not maitain a society (Rosenstand, 15).