Terrorism has gained its root so much in the 21st century. This has been made so through radicalization and strong teaching of the Muslim faith to their youths who believe that those people who are not Muslims are pagans and therefore need to be engaged in ‘jihad’ or holy war. In addition to this, in this century, there are so many learned fellows who have failed to secure jobs and the only alternative solution that they have so far is to join Islamic terrorist groups. According to a television interview they had in the last two weeks, one terrorist, interviewed by the journalist who was twenty said that he joined the terrorists groups because of poverty and that his parents were unable to pay his high school fees (NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Countering Violent Extremism Among Youth to Prevent Terrorism and In Lombardi, 2015).
In this century more than the past centuries, terrorism has become a reality, something that we cannot ignore. In the last decade alone, so many terror activities have occurred that have led to loss of lives while scores have become damaged. In some studies, radicalization has been found to be the key component that drives youths into terrorism. The reason being that the youths are taught in mosques where non-Muslims are not expected to be and so there is no way someone is going to suspect that radicalization and youth registration into terror attack groups is going on. This has endangered the lives of so many people who hence, have become targets.
What is ISIS and how did affect terrorism?
ISIS is the Islamic state of Iraq and Syria also known as ISIL (Islamic state of Iraq and the Levant). This group affects terrorism in that it has contributed to the major wars in the Syria and Iraq. It is made up of individuals who were members of the Al-Qaeda group which was a terror group that threatened the entire would. ISIS has stepped up terror activities given that it has its members even in the western countries, thus posing a major threat. To stop people from joining this group, most countries have banned travel to the Syria or Iraq. With ISIS in place, the terror groups around the world have received major boost for their activities as they receive funding for their activities as well as receive easily the armories that they use to fight the innocent people.
What is Al-Qaeda and how did it change the world history?
Al-Qaeda is an organized terror group that operated majorly in the Middle East. The group was made of so many individuals who were registered as members. They are estimated to be about 30,000 members across the world. These members are registered into ranks and each group in their rank had different duties to accomplish. The wake of terrorism by this group took place in 1998 when they attacked the US embassy in the East African region. So many people lost their lives and the world woke up to the reality that terror by Al-Qaeda was real. Their activities did not end there; they attacked so many other countries that they believed were against them and were supporting the US. In 2001, Al-Qaeda attacked the US and brought down the twin towers killing hundreds of people (Sageman and Project Muse, 2008).
It is after this attack that the then president George W. Bush declared war to fight the terrorist group. The rise of Al-Qaeda lead to the rise of other terror groups such as Al-Shaabab that is now terrorizing people in Africa. The terrorist groups organized under the Al-Qaeda are so many hence posing a threat to the safety of people. So many things had to change across the world and security measures around the world had to be stepped up. Trust of individuals was lowered because even women have been reported to be members of the terror groups and have been used to carry out some of the activities especially suicide bombing.
Is it necessary to have ‘war on terror’ and is it working?
It is necessary to have war on terror because it is bent on bringing sanity and peace around the world. War on terror ensures that there are few individuals and less people joining this group as countries strive to work towards eliminating terror activities. However, war on terror has not been fruitful as expected. This is because, terror activities have been coiled under one faith and it is hard to know whether people professing that faith are all terrorists or if those involved in terror activities are simply bad fruits. Secondly, lack of jobs and the desire to make quick money by youths have seen them join the terror groups in large numbers. Therefore, if the war on terror should end, the countries need to discuss pertinent issues that have contributed to the growth of the terror groups in large numbers (Forest, 2007).
NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Countering Violent Extremism Among Youth to Prevent Terrorism, & In Lombardi, M. (2015). Countering radicalisation and violent extremism among youth to prevent terrorism.
Forest, J. J. F. (2007). Countering terrorism and insurgency in the 21st century: International perspectives. Westport, Conn. [u.a.: Praeger Security International.
Sageman, M., & Project Muse. (2008). Leaderless jihad: Terror networks in the twenty- first century. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.