War as communication:

Communication is the process by which information is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs or behaviors.

The sender is the source of communication. Also, the sender has an intention to communicate with another person(s). This intention makes up the content of the message. Thus he gives expression to the content. In the case of the War in Iraq, the senders were the leaders of the “Al Quiada” terrorist group and their followers. The non-verbal messages send to the United States by the accused by flying planes into the Pentagon and The World Trade Center.

Encoding the message could be written or oral. The message is formulated by putting thoughts through words. Also, messages are sent through many psychological or internal communication barriers. In the end, the messages are filtered through the psychological barrier it is encoded for transmission. President Bush formulated this form of communication by addressing the people of The United States and briefing them on how he would handle the crisis in Iraq He delivered the message immediately to the public and reinforce with repetition. With that being said, he implemented measures as to how he would go about reconstruct Iraq.

A message is not conveyed information, but the emotions that give the words meaning. Thus, the message can be nonverbal communication may give clues that the receiver can use to interpret verbal messages. The message that the terrorist communicated to the U.S was effective. Moreover, we retaliated not only to bring down the Saddam regime, but also to rebuild Iraq.

The message is sent via a channel, which can be made of a variety of materials. In acoustic communication it consists of air, in written communication of paper or other writing materials. TV was implicated in the process, which led to war. One example of how Saddam used this form of communication is when he sent an 8-minute videotape that’s was aired in Iraq. Which adds a whole new dimension to the concept of military escalation. Both George Bush and Iraq Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz all appeared live, while pre-recorded Saddam was aired in from Iraqi TV.

The process of decoding interprets the message and attempts to understand what the sender meant to communicate. I don’t think the people of clearly understand the motives of the terrorists and who I exactly behind it.

The receiver decodes the incoming message, or expression. He “translates” it and thus receives the Output. The content decoded by the receiver. The receiver in this case of the War with Iraq, the U.S government and the people of the U.S was the receiver.

The communication process is completed when the receiver transmits verbal and nonverbal feedback to indicate his/her reception and understanding of the message.

The channel is subjected to various sources of noise. One example is telephone communication, where numerous secondary sounds are audible. Even a solid channel such as paper can be crushed or stained. Such phenomena are also noise in the communicative sense.


Mass Communication plays an important role in our daily lives. Mass communication can be anything from a photograph to a movie. While the media broadcast how I would be affected by the category five hurricane, I consumed all their information and steps to get through the hurricane. Moreover, I read all the hurricane safety tips and studied all the evacuation routes. Also, I went out and bought all the necessary items I would need to survive the everlasting category five hurricane. Nevertheless, I have never been in a category five hurricane, so I was more curious than worried.

I got most of my media communication from televisions, newspapers, and magazines, which are often called the “print media,” and radio and television, that are often called the “electronic” or “broadcast” media. Everyday on every news station, there would be highlights on the hurricane and where it would hit and do the most damage. They were not sure exactly it would hit or if it’s going to pass, so I was glued to the television. Also, I read about it all the time in the local newspaper, in which they would give survival tips and how to protect your home from complete destruction. All the mass media communication I consumed helped me prepare for the hurricane, even though it didn’t hit area.

I followed the hurricane path almost everyday on the weather channel. However, it was hard for me to see where it was heading or if its was going to hit us at all. The weatherman gave me a good idea of where the destination of the hurricane would be if it turns and head up north.

During the awaiting process of the hurricane, I prepared a short evacuation plan. I did not think it was necessary to create a big plan because the news already outlines the possible areas of where it would hit, and my area was not on the chart, as to be affected directly by the hurricane. I bought batteries and canned goods just in case the weatherman was wrong.

In conclusion, a category hurricane does not come often, and since it is the most dangerous hurricane, the media issue evacuation plans and implement survival task to ensure the safety of the public. I was not worried about the hurricane. I was never in one before, so I was curious mined on how this will turn out. The media of mass communication had very strong effects on me on how I prepared myself for the hurricane. Therefore, every piece of media information is critical to me.

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