Step One The Research ProposalIntroduction
Broad research topic
Legalization of medical marijuana for terminally ill patients in South Africa.
Does medical marijuana alleviate the suffering of the terminally ill and as such should it be legalized for medical use
Medical marijuana does ease the suffering of the terminally ill and therefore should be legalized for ailing patients.
Motivation as to why this area has been selected for the research
I have personally always found medical marijuana to be a captivating topic whether talking about legalizing it or about its numerous benefits it has in the medical industry. I have always wanted to do some sort of research on this subject and I personally feel that this task will benefit me as I will be gaining insightful knowledge. I feel that ‘marijuana given to the terminally ill’ has always stirred assorted emotions among individuals – this has always grasped my interest, as I would like to find out why people have such strong opinions on the matter. Lastly, I would like to discover if medical marijuana could be an advantage to the patients that are suffering from diseases such as cancer.
The aims of the research
To research some interesting information on medical marijuana and by doing this – expanding my horizons on this matter.
To find out whether there are more benefits than threats of legalizing medical marijuana for terminal patients.
To gather as much useful sources for this research task and in doing so – use my own knowledge on the topic to compile a respectable task.
To discover why South Africa has not legalized medical marijuana yet and is there hope of it being legalized in the future.
Lastly, to produce a satisfactory research task about the importance of medical marijuana being legalized for terminally ill patients as well as stating how many benefits will occur from the legalization of it.
Increase awareness of all the medicinal properties of the cannabis plant and increase awareness of cannabis as a safe and substitute treatment for cancer.
Step Two Review Of Literature
“Dagga a step closer to being legalized in SA” (Sipokazi Fokazi, 2016)
In this article, the legalization of marijuana in Cape Town is one step closer to being accepted as a prescription drug rather than a banned substance.
The Medicines Control Council also known as MCC has made improvement in its research into the medicinal use of marijuana. By February, Dr Joey Gouws who is the administrator of MCC, states the governing body could start the process of distributing permits to consent the controlled cultivation and stock of consistent high quality remedial marijuana products. The council is anticipated to announce the policies by February.
One of the requests that the council has made as part of the alteration of the Medicines and Related Substances Act is awaiting declaration by President Jacob Zuma, to ensure cannabis is downgraded from Schedule 7, a banned substance, to Schedule 6, a prescription drug. “The Act has always allowed the use of cannabis for research purposes but it remains illegal to use the plant for medicinal purposes.” (Fokazi, 2016) The council informed Parliament on its research of the advised Medical Innovation Bill, which pursues to legalize marijuana for medical use.
The party has claimed that marijuana is efficient in relieving pain and its low-priced healing properties could be used to counter high-priced healthcare. Fokazi argues cannabis products must be made accessible to all, especially the poor. At the moment, these products are offered on the black market and are awfully expensive. This means several poor South Africans do not have access to these cannabis products despite their enduring discomfort.
Patients that should be entitled for treatment involve those who have experienced severe prolonged discomfort occurring from diseases such as multiple sclerosis, HIVAids and cancer.
The publication date of this article is 24 November 2016 – this means the article is recent. The Internet source is updated regularly and I have not found any more recent research that has cast doubt on the findings.
There is no evidence of bias that has been used in this article – the author is fair and does not favour any particular person or idea. The tone of writing is formal. The findings stated in this source are similar to the other sources although there is no reference list present in this article.
There is no information in the article that states the author is an authority in their field of study but their name is given as Sipokazi Fokazi and with an email address. This research has come from a personal opinion and although it has been passed by an editorial panel it may be biased. This research was done in Cape Town, South Africa making it valid. The sample that was used is the same type as the one in my research task which is the legalization of medical marijuana for terminally ill patients in South Africa and this article covers all those aspects.
This article increased my knowledge on the topic and updated me on the current state of medical marijuana in South Africa as well as helping me narrow down my research. This source therefore does relate to my hypothesis.
Although this source provided me with good information being a first person account – I will need to continue to read more sources to get more opinions and views.
Fokazi, S (2016). Dagga a step closer to being legalized in SA. IOL (online). Available httpwww.iol.co.zanewspoliticsdagga-a-step-closer-to-being-legalised-in-sa-2092895. Accessed 25 February 2017
“South Africa To Legalize Marijuana By April 2017” (Kevin Mwanza, 2016)
The South African Government has taken its first steps in legalizing the production and cultivation of marijuana for medical use. Mwanza states, “The South African Parliament’s Portfolio Committee on Health has said that the government will amend the Medicines and Related Substances Act 1965 (MRS Act). Under the reformed legislation, cannabis – known locally as “dagga” – will be downgraded from a barred Schedule 7 drug to a Schedule 6 drug, meaning it can be prescribed. The revision of the law is to be drafted by late January 2017 and may be implemented by April 2017, according to South Africa’s News24.” The Department guarantees that access to medical marijuana will not be primarily catered to the rich, but to anyone who requires it – they will be able to afford it – this statement has been made by Narend Singh who is IFP’s (Inkatha Freedom Party) chief.
The amendment will downgrade dagga from a Schedule 7 banned substance to a Schedule 6 prescription drug. The South African Medical Association warned that access to legal marijuana would follow a strict set of guidelines. The public, and healthcare specialists should be aware that the Medical Innovation Bill pursues to permit cannabis for medical reasons only. Cannabis for recreational purposes (enjoyment) still remains prohibited in South Africa. The terminally ill, or patients with chronic agony, seem to be one step closer to being able to access medical marijuana to treat their symptoms after governmental parties decide to work together in parliament to certify access to medicinal marijuana.
The Department of Health and the Medicines Control Council (MCC) have taken serious procedures in order for medical marijuana to be used to treat discomfort, nausea and spasms associated with illnesses like cancer, HIV and multiple sclerosis. The decision has led to one of the first nation-wide efforts to make cannabis obtainable for medical use. This is yet another step in the direction of universal decriminalization of marijuana. As a result, medical marijuana in South Africa will be primarily targeted at patients who suffer from ailments including chronic pain, nausea, and glaucoma.
The publication date of this article is 30th of November 2016 – this means the article is recent. The Internet source is updated regularly and I did not find any newer research that cast doubt on some findings. I did however find information that has backed up my previous source.
There is no evidence of bias that has been used in this article – the author is fair and does not favour any particular person or idea. The tone of writing is formal.
The findings stated in this source are similar to the other topics (the information and facts are almost identical in both sources)